On 1 JanuaryNigeria became a British protectorateand part of the British Empirethe foremost world power at the time. This image appeared in a European book, Description of Africa, published in Amsterdam in Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western, central and northern Africa.
The opposition comprised the comparatively liberal Action Group AGwhich was largely dominated by the Yoruba and led by Obafemi Awolowo. Britain intervened in the Lagos Kingship power struggle by bombarding Lagos indeposing the slave trade friendly Oba Kosoko, helping to install the amenable Oba Akitoyeand signing the Treaty between Great Britain and Lagos on 1 January His successor, General Abdulsalami Abubakaradopted a new constitution on 5 Maywhich provided for multiparty elections.
For instance, northern Nigeria did not outlaw slavery until whilst in other parts of Nigeria slavery was abolished soon after colonialism.
British missionaries expanded their bbc africa business report nigerian and travelled further inland. In the inspectors of the state-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation NNPC began to notice "the slow poisoning of the waters of this country". Nigeria used Egyptian pilots for their air force.
Middle Ages — Further information: The bbc africa business report nigerian community has been observing Nigerian elections to encourage a free and fair process, and condemned this one as being severely flawed.
Colonel Yakubu Gowon to head of state. Despite these revenues, the military government did little to improve the standard of living of the population, help small and medium businesses, or invest in infrastructure.
Their dominance reached as far as the city of Eko an Edo name later changed to Lagos by the Portuguese and further. At the time most federal revenue was dedicated to servicing that debt. Tension rose between North and South; Igbos in Northern cities suffered persecution and many fled to the Eastern Region.
In the government hanged environmentalist Ken Saro-Wiwa on trumped-up charges in the deaths of four Ogoni elders. Nigeria achieved independence in British Nigeria — Emir of Kano, with cavalry, photographed in King Duke of Calabar in full dress published Following the Napoleonic WarsGreat Britain established the West Africa Squadron in an attempt to halt the international traffic in slaves.
By war, the British conquered Benin inand, in the Anglo-Aro War —defeated other opponents. Azikiwe replaced the colonial governor-general in November InBritish claims to a West African sphere of influence received recognition from other European nations at the Berlin Conference.
An imbalance was created in the polity by the result of the plebiscite. On 29 May Abubakar transferred power to the winner of the elections, Obasanjo, who had since retired from the military.
By the middle of the 20th century, a great wave for independence was sweeping across Africa. That spelled doom to federalism in Nigeria. In Maythe Eastern Region declared independence as a state called the Republic of Biafraunder the leadership of Lt. With rising anti-slavery sentiment at home and changing economic realities, Great Britain outlawed the international slave trade in The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri.
But, the coup plotters struggled to form a central government. The use of slave labor was extensive, especially in agriculture. Jonathan of the PDP was declared the winner on 19 Aprilhaving won the election with a total of 22, of the 39, votes cast, to stand ahead of Muhammadu Buhari from the main opposition party, the Congress for Progressive Change CPCwhich won 12, of the total votes cast.
Inhabitants of the southern region sustained more interaction, economic and cultural, with the British and other Europeans owing to the coastal economy. His regime was overthrown by another military coup in Nok sculpture, terracotta The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between BC and ADproducing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Nigerian military juntas of — and — Olusegun Obasanjo was a military president who ruled the country from to The restraint or conquest of these states opened up the Niger area to British rule. It did not develop alternate revenue sources in the economy for economic stability.
As oil production and revenue rose, the Nigerian government became increasingly dependent on oil revenues and on international commodity markets for budgetary and economic concerns.Search the BBC Search the BBC.
BBC World News. Africa Business Report. Clips; Galleries; About the programme; Lerato Mbele; Africa Business Report Clips. Nigeria's reservation on free. Media caption Nigeria's Biafra leader in urges on his 'brave boys'. First republic of Biafra was declared by Nigerian military officer Odumegwu-Ojukwu in ; He led his mainly ethnic Igbo.
Domestic tourism - even in urban areas - is on the increase in Nigeria.
Get the latest African news from BBC News in Africa: breaking news, features, analysis and special reports plus audio and video from across the African continent. A look at business across the continent. We talk to the people and businesses who are changing the economic face of Africa.
BBC correspondents in each country report on the growing trends and. Skye Bank sponsors the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) Africa Business Report, a show featuring the triumphs and challenges of business concerns in Africa.
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