Summary Currently, the most scientific and effective way to address the issue of Lyme or Lyme-like illness being caused by agents that have yet to be identified is to focus on the prevention of all tick-borne diseases.
There is Communicable disease paper evidence that Lyme disease has been transmitted directly from animal-to-animal, animal-to-human, or human-to-human. However, as with the majority of diseases, treatment is most effective if it is begun early in the course of illness.
This study found statistically significant differences in the clinical presentations for the two populations. The uncertainty regarding the occurrence of Lyme disease is not unique to Missouri nor is it unique to Lyme disease.
When an infected tick bites a human or certain animals after a period of attachmentthe infectious agent Communicable disease paper be transmitted, resulting in disease. Web sites that Lyme disease patients may find helpful include: Symptoms in humans usually begin about 7 to 10 days after the tick bite, although some people do not show any signs of illness until months to years later when complications occur.
Ticks should never be squashed, burned, or suffocated in the removal process, as this might result in regurgitation of gut contents including bacteria into the host.
DHSS believes that increased awareness of all tick-borne diseases in the state is critical to our citizens who depend on the outdoors for their livelihood and recreation. It was named in when arthritis was observed in a cluster of children in and around Lyme, Connecticut.
Another complicating factor is that there can be a cross-reaction in the blood test, giving a false positive result for Lyme disease in persons who really have conditions such as syphilis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection, infectious mononucleosis, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
Wild rodents and deer are part of the natural life cycle of B. Clinical Infectious Diseases, ; The bite site should be cleansed and an antiseptic applied; hands should be washed following tick removal. These findings were consistent with results from Bacon et al.
At this stage the tick is small, less easily detected, and less likely to be promptly removed, which increases the possibility that it will transmit disease. The primary vector in the Pacific coastal area of the country is I.
Physicians are encouraged to have patients with undiagnosed Lyme-like rashes enroll in this study, the purpose of which is to determine the etiology of STARI in the United States.
There is currently no vaccine approved for humans on the market in the United States. They are insensitive during the first several weeks of infection and may remain negative in people treated early with antibiotics.
It is entirely possible that there are a number of bacterial agents similar or related to B. The ability of these borreliae to cause human disease remains unknown for all but three of these species.
All of these factors agent, reservoir, vector must come together at the same place and time before disease can be caused in a host. Background Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in the United States. Use of additional clinical, epidemiologic, and laboratory data may enable a physician to diagnose a disease even though the formal surveillance case definition may not be met.
This problem is compounded many fold, when one realizes that it is not only the distribution and prevalence of the agent that must be considered, but also that of possible reservoirs and vectors that maintain and transmit the agent.
Lyme disease is nationally notifiable and is therefore notifiable in Missouri. More sensitive and specific tests for Lyme disease are being developed.
Currently, serology tests are poorly standardized and physicians must interpret them with caution. The disease is caused by a bacterial agent called Borrelia burgdorferi, sensu stricto, which was first identified in North America in The cause of this condition remains unknown.
Test sensitivity increases when patients progress to later stages of the disease, but a small proportion of Lyme disease patients never develop a positive blood test result. Also, treatment failures may occasionally occur and retreatment may be necessary.View Essay - week 4 Individual Assignment Communicable Disease Paper from HCS at University of Phoenix.
Running head: COMMUNICABLE DISEASE 1 Communicable Disease HCS/ COMMUNICABLE%(12). Communicable Disease Paper Jennifer K. Rhodes University of Phoenix Public and Community Health HCS Heather Steiner March 14, Communicable Disease Paper Chickenpox is a communicable disease and “one of the classic childhood diseases” (National Institute of Health [NIH], para.
1). Communicable Disease Paper University Of Phoenix Communicable Disease Paper In the following paper a communicable disease will be identified. In addition, the disease and the efforts to control it, the environmental factors related to this disease will be described. Lyme Disease Position Paper.
Background. RSMoCommunicable Disease Reporting, Guidelines for Department, stipulates that communicable disease reporting requirements established by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS) shall be in accordance with guidelines.
Free Essay: Communicable Disease Paper Tuberculosis Communicable diseases rely on fluid exchange, contaminated substance, or close contact to travel from an. In a written paper of 1, words, apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease.
Communicable Disease Selection Choose one communicable disease from the.Download