The assembly and the courts were regarded as the instantiation of the people of Athens: Two examples demonstrate this: While his opponents direct write assembly away attempting to assist the Spartans, Ephialtes persuaded the Assembly to reduce the powers of the Areopagus: Pay was raised from 2 to 3 obols by Cleon early in the Peloponnesian war and there it stayed; the original amount is not known.
In the 5th century BC, principally as seen through the figure of Periclesthe direct write assembly could be among the most powerful people in the pols. One might expect the term "demarchy" to have been adopted, by analogy, for the new form of government introduced by Athenian democrats.
Henceforth laws were made not in the assembly, but by special panels of citizens drawn from the annual jury pool of This may have had some role in building a consensus. It was not anymore only one of the many possible ways in which political rule could be organised in a polity: Elected officials too were subject to review before holding office and scrutiny after office.
They saw it as the rule of the poor that plundered the rich, and so democracy was viewed as a sort of "collective tyranny".
They administered rather than governed. While citizens voting in the assembly were the people and so were free of review or punishment, those same citizens when holding an office served the people and could be punished very severely.
And they too could be removed from office at any time that the assembly met. For private suits the minimum jury size was increased to if a sum of over drachmas was at issuefor public suits It does seem clear that possession of slaves allowed even poorer Athenians — owning a few slaves was by no means equated with wealth — to devote more of their time to political life.
The oligarchy endured for only four months before it was replaced by a more democratic government.
So Metroxenoi, those with foreign mothers, were now to be excluded. Democratic regimes governed until Athens surrendered to Sparta in BCE, when government was placed in the hands of the so-called Thirty Tyrantspro-Spartan oligarchs.
The cases were put by the litigants themselves in the form of an exchange of single speeches timed by a water clock or clepsydra, first prosecutor then defendant.
This is the position set out by the anti-democratic pamphlet known whose anonymous author is often called the Old Oligarch. In the mid-5th century the number of adult male citizens was perhaps as high as 60, but this number fell precipitously during the Peloponnesian War.The central events of the Athenian democracy were the meetings of the assembly (ἐκκλησία, ekklesía).Unlike a parliament, the assembly's members were not elected, but attended by right when they ultimedescente.com democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it.
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