Although those discourses are not perfectly aligned, their multiplicity generally reinforces rather than undercuts the marginalization of nonwhite peoples and the dual marginalization of nonwhite women. The subaltern is not similarly privileged. In the s the Subaltern Studies Group a collective of radical historians in India with whom Spivak maintains ties appropriated the term, focusing their Essay can the subaltern on the disenfranchised peoples of India.
Of course, no discourse succeeds in obliterating all alternative discourses. The subaltern enters official and intellectual discourse only rarely and usually through the mediating commentary of someone more at home in those discourses. After all, colonialists often thought of themselves as well-intentioned.
A post colonialist discourse could just as easily scapegoat white men, with the inevitable consequence of presenting either brown men or brown women as the saviors. Spivak sees postcolonial studies as a new instance of this attempt to liberate the other and to enable that other to experience and articulate those parts of itself that fall outside what the dominant discourse has constituted as its subjecthood.
It follows then that the individual is not a transparent representation of the self but an effect of discourse. Sigmund Freud Spivak then turns to Sigmund Freud in an effort to develop an appropriate model of intellectual work.
Her continual interrogation of assumptions can make Spivak difficult to read. In addition they also assume that the writing of intellectuals such as themselves can serve as a transparent medium through which the voices of the oppressed can be represented.
They each make various determinate claims and. In these terms we are not the authors of ourselves.
Furthermore, when most f the power resides in the West, why should the least powerful of those caught up in globalization be responsible for halting its advance?
In her work, she combines passionate denunciations of the harm done to women, non-Europeans, and the poor by the privileged West with a persistent questioning of the grounds on which radical critique takes its stand.
There is no true or pure other; instead, the other always already exists in relation to the discourse that would name it as other. The critic must remain attentive to the fluidity of possible relations and actions. Her blunt answer is no.
Neither Freud nor Spivak is silent. The intellectual is cast as a reliable mediator for the voices of the oppressed, a mothpiece through which the oppressed can clearly speak.
Our subjectivity is constructed by the shifting discourses of power which endlessly speak through us, situating us here and there in particular positions and relations.
Subalterns, in the Indian context are defined as those who did not comprise the colonial elite- such as the lesser rural gentry, impoverished lamdlords, rich peasants and upper middle class peasants. More important, he implicitly cautions us against scapegoating or, conversely, creating saviors.
And does not speak in a vocabulary that will get a hearing in institutional locations of power. But Spivak worries that even the most benevolent effort merely repeats the very silencing it aims to combat.Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's original essay "Can the Subaltern Speak?" transformed the analysis of colonialism through an eloquent and uncompromising argument that affirmed the contemporary relevance of Marxism while using deconstructionist methods to explore the international division of labor and capitalism's "worlding" of the world.
Free Essay: Can the Subaltern Speak? – Summary Gayatri Spivak Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is an unsettling voice in literary theory and especially.
Can the Subaltern Speak? Reflections on the History of an Idea began as a conference, hosted by the Institute for Research on Women and Gender, at Columbia University. The title was a seductive simplification, marking the spot where, it was hoped, several debates and discourses might converge in the consciousness of their debt to an extraordinary essay, “Can.
Can the Subaltern Speak?? – Summary Gayatri Spivak Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is an unsettling voice in literary theory and especially, postcolonial studies.
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Can the Subaltern Speak?
An understanding of contemporary relations of power, and of the Western intellectual's role within them, re. Created Date: 3/7/ PM.Download