The belief that the Queen was really a man, is interesting in what it suggests about attitudes towards women and government in this period.
Formation of these trading companies brought great honour and respect to the country. The excommunication of Elizabeth must have been a very painful experience for her Catholic subjects.
Elizabeth had need of all her gifts and abilities to wrestle successfully with the gigantic problems which faced her. Catholics believed that the true Queen of the land was Mary Queen of Scots. William Cecil, Lord Burghley, advised execution for those who refused to pay allegiance to the Queen.
Her goal was a national church which was at once catholic and protestant and as such would claim the allegiance of the majority of the English people while she believed that outward conformity was essential to national unity she wished to permit, at the same, a certain freedom of private opinion.
Attendance at mass was to be punished by a fine of marks, but the saying of mass, or arranging for it to be said, carried the death penalty, although Elizabeth ensured that this was never implemented before as she disliked such extremism.
The difficulty for the historian lies in determining how much significance to attach to these rumours, and determining their timing, and social, regional and cultural origin. The Queen, in herself, was quite confident that her religious settlement would survive. Reports from spies in Spain about the impending Armada only made a campaign against the Catholics more vigorous.
The former looked forward to the time when the church would be purged of such un- Calvinistic practices as making the sign of the cross and soon; the latter worked for an early return to the folds of the Roman Church.
She kept the payment untouched. So far nations were fighting for their supremacy and political power; but now they picked up quarrels with the neighbouring and distant countries on religious pretexts.
It was certain that he would never rest content so long as England was outside the Catholic Church; the only question was how and when would he strike? This was a drastic step, and one that was not approved of by Philip II of Spain, or some English Catholics, who knew that this would make things difficult for Catholics in England.
In order to study the factors exerting an influence on the perception of Elizabeth by her contemporaries, it is necessary to look at the development and changes in her reputation from the moment of her birth to her death. But instead the bull of ex-communication served to make England more emphatically protestant than before.
This continued for the next forty years to come. It was not until the Papal Bull of that the situation changed. Many agreed with him. One of the most famous Elizabethan civilian Catholic martyrs is Margaret Clitherow. Elizabeth tried to accommodate Catholic beliefs in her religious settlement so that they could go to church without feeling guilty or disloyal to their faith, and often turned a blind eye to Catholics who had secret services in their home.
But this blow once struck, everything was done to spare the wounded feelings of the Catholic Party, Elizabeth was more cautious and wise. The English industry profited greatly by the arrival of immigrants from the Low Countries and France due to religious troubles.
Those who clearly saw that Elizabeth did not have any illegitimate children, put forward other theories to explain why, after all this sexual activity, the Queen was still childless. Thus she relinquished the title of Supreme Head of the Church and assumed the title of "Supreme Governor.
After the extremes of two preceding reigns with their attendant excess. Cecil emphasised that their executions would be based not on their beliefs but solely on their refusal to accept Elizabeth as Queen.
As a result of this Europe was divided into two religious blocks. There were those who were Catholic and loyal to Elizabeth and they greatly resented what Allen had written about their Queen.
From different parts of England the government was besieged with complaints against the practice, but an effective remedy was not forthcoming.
Catholicism was effectively illegal, but it was for not attending church that Catholics were fined, not for simply being Catholic, and the fine applied to dissenting Puritans as well as to those of the Catholic faith. When the Armada came, the vast bulk of the population rallied around Elizabeth.
Spain and the empire together than meant practically all Europe except France and the Baltic states. Determining the frequency, and the cultural, social and regional origins of these rumours is of some significance in understanding further the nature and reality of the cult of the Queen.
Calvinism and its Effect: Although the restoration of the coinage to its standard value failed to bring about a drop in prices, did restore the national credit in the continental money-market thereby greatly benefiting English trade.An essay or paper on Catholic threat to Queen Elizabeth.
What was the Catholic threat to Queen Elizabeth and how serious was it? Queen Elizabeth ruled England from until her death in Catholics believed that the true Queen of the land was Mary Queen of Scots.
In he issued a bull "Regnans in Excelsis" (a papal document) against Elizabeth, that excommunicated her and absolved all her subjects from allegiance to her and her laws. When Elizabeth came to the throne, England was at cross roads in matters of religion while the people were inclined towards protestantism.
Many had placed England on the road of Catholicism. Luckily the new queen was eminently fitted to face the situation. An essay on the reputation of Queen Elizabeth I in history. Also a number of essays on life in Tudor times, including marriage, childhood, architecture and theatre.
Contributions from Alan Roberts.
Essay on Queen Elizabeth’s Treatment of Catholics Words | 10 Pages Queen Elizabeth’s Treatment of Catholics The reformation of England had been a long drawn out affair dating back to King Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy in Queen Elizabeth was born in England in Her father and mother were King Henry VIII and Ana Boylen.
Elizabeth's family played an important part of England's in the 's. They changed the religion and made England a stronger country. Elizabeth was the greatest Queen ever to rule England. Elizabeth I was born in Greenwich, England inDownload