The oldest extant copy is an Old English text that is preserved at the Bodleian Library at Oxford, England, and was probably written by Benedictine monks in Canterbury in the early eighth century.
During his St b enedict essay in the cavehe established his life of discipline that would later become the Benedictine Order.
For Benedict, each rung of this ladder represents one aspect of the virtue of humility that the monk must embrace, from his initial fear of God to a vow of silence and a continual awareness of his sinful guilt. Let them put Christ before all else; and may he lead us all to everlasting life.
While there, Benedict experienced first-hand the decadence and vice of the waning Roman Empire. The Rule itself is primarily concerned with the spiritual and material life of cenobites—monks who live together in the community of the monastery and observe strict obedience to their abbot.
Benedict was born at Nursia ina small town near Spoleto, in Italy. As time went on, many young men and monks heard about Benedict and they found their way to the mountain and asked if they could stay with him.
As for political organization, the Rule invests supreme authority over the monastery in the abbot, who is in turn accountable only to the word of God and to the Rule itself. Antoine Vergote is representative of many scholars in arguing that the Rule does not present "a universal, religious human ideal" and in emphasizing its focus on monastic obedience, humility, and self-discovery as a means of human redemption.
After three years of living in seclusion, engaged in prayer and introspection broken only by brief contact with a monk named Romanus, he emerged from his cave and accepted the request of the local monks to become abbot of their monastery at Vicovaro.
Benedict of Nursia c. Textual History Critics believe that Benedict drew on many sources for his Rule. They built a house to live in and stayed there, praying ,planting crops, feeding the poor, and teaching school. No one should follow what he considers to be good for himself, but rather what seems good for another.
A work of somewhat less than 20, words composed over several decades, the Rule consists of seventy-three chapters and was originally codified in about The last seven chapters of the work appear to have been added sometime after Benedict had codified the prior sixty-six, and its prologue was most likely written last.
He was his only one of the few connections and communications that Benedict had with the outside world. Today the Rule continues to be embraced by the Western monastic community and remains one of the most enduring and studied documents in Christian literature.
Disharmony and an attempt on his life forced Benedict to return to the cave. Benedict is believed to have died at Monte Cassino in about It is said that he also brought Benedict food because he knew where Benedict was hiding and would lower food down into the cave for him.
Most critics are careful to point out, however, that the work is not a compilation of previous writings. Benedicti Regula monasteriorum, which was considered standard in the first half of the twentieth century, while the latter half of the century has seen a proliferation of commentaries on and translations of the Rule, attesting to its continued significance and interest to the Catholic clergy, laymen, and contemporary scholars.
Born into a well-to-do family, he was educated at Roman schools in his youth and later, at the age of fourteen, traveled to the imperial capital of Rome to complete his studies.
Critical Reception Because critics have observed that Benedict borrowed liberally from the Regula magistri and various other sources in composing his Rule, the question of its originality has been a perennial theme of scholarly inquiry.
The founder of the original Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino, Italy, Benedict is credited with composing the first true text for monastic rule of the Roman Catholic Church. Finding his life in the Simbrunian hills unsatisfactory, Benedict retreated to a cave some forty miles east of Rome at Subiaco.
It begins with a prologue—probably written after the rest of the Rule was complete—and several chapters which act as a general constitution for the monastery and offer instructions on living a spiritual life.
The names of his mother and father are not known but he had a twin sister named Scholastica, who is also a saint.
There he probably wrote the majority of his monastic Rule and, according to Gregory, performed many miracles. It is reported that he was fed by a raven from time to time.
It is known for its emphasis on compassion and spiritual counsel, and for its relative leniency in describing the requirements of monastic life—the precepts of the Rule notably contrast with those of the more austere Eastern monasticism and focus on sanctity, virtue, humility, and obedience rather than on material self-denial.
He left school around A. During his time in Rome, there was a lot of evil and wickedness in the city. Only when the monk has accepted these twelve aspects of humility will he reach the goal of union with God, according to Benedict.Laughter and Humility in the Eyes of St.
Benedict Essay - There are many different reactions to St. Benedict’s response and advice concerning laughter, how laughter is a bad trait, and how it may also at times be a good trait.
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Most of what is known about Benedict's life comes from the second book of St. Gregory the Great's Dialogues, which he devoted entirely to Benedict. According to Gregory, Benedict was born at.
Benedict was the single most influential monk in the period referred to as the Dark Ages. Reflecting on the teachings of those before him and his own personal ideas, Benedict created a set of rules to govern and regulate the everyday lives of monks.
His rules became a guide to which thousands of /5(4).
Free Essay: Late in the fifth century the son of a well-off family in Italy left for isolation on his mission to truly seek god. This man was St.
Benedict. St. Benedict was born at Nursia ina small town near Spoleto, in Italy. His name means blessed. He was the son of a Roman noble and was very wealthy and had a privileged childhood.Download